What Is HDBaseT? Standards & Comparisons with HDMI over IP

What Is HDBaseT 3.0? Best HDMI Extension vs Over IP Technology

What Is HDBaseT?


HDBaseT is an uncompressed transmission technology developed by HDBaseT Alliance, the association grouped by Samsung, LG, Sony Picture, and Valens. After its release in 2010, HDBaseT 2.0 was published in 2013, and HDBasetT 3.0 in 2019.

HDBaseT 3.0 standards upgraded from HDBaseT 2.0 and 1.0.

Benefits of HDBaseT Extension

The core technology HDBaseT 5Play can integrate AV, Ethernet, power, data, and control signals and pass them down through one category cable, extending them for 100m. Category cables HDBaseT used are also less expensive and accessible.

As HDMI and DisplayPort progressed in AV transmission, they could only pass by audio and video signals within a limited distance. When it comes to the connection of several devices, the drawback of short transmission distance and the inability to carry control signals and power make it less possible. The release of HDBaseT brought solutions to the problem.

HDBaseT cables are category cables and can reach 100m, superior to DisplayPort and HDMI cables.

HDBaseT 5Play

What is HDBaseT 5Play? The technology to carry AV, USB 2.0, control signals, power, and Ethernet over one cable.

For HDBaseT 2.0 and above, 5Play includes:

  • Video and audio
  • USB 2.0
  • Control signals
  • Power
  • Ethernet

Video and Audio

For professional needs, HDBaseT 1.0 can support 4K 30Hz uncompressed video. HDBaseT 2.0 combines audio and video in 5Play and supports S/PDIF and I²S audio input. Moreover, till HDBaseT 3.0, it can transmit 4K 60Hz video.

Signals can be transmitted by HDBaseT with the use of HDBaseT converters.


At first, HDBaseT used the 100Base-T network standard. HDBaseT 3.0 now supports the 1000Base-T standard, with a data transfer rate of up to 1Gbps.

Control Signals

Controls via IR, RS232 and CEC are supported.


Power over HDBaseT (PoH) can transmit power over the same category cable rather than another power line, making cabling easier.

USB 2.0

A new member of 5Play that supports data transmission and provides the ability to connect to USB devices.

HDBaseT Standards

The below table shows the specifications of different HDBaseT versions. HDBaseT cable must be Cat5e and above; Cat6a is recommended for use.

Cat5e Cat6
Cat6 Cat6a, Fiber
Resolution 4K@30Hz 4K@60Hz
Audio from HDMI from HDM, S/PDIF, I²S
Data Rate
100Mbps 1Gbps
Control Signal IR、RS232、CEC
Power 100W

HDMI vs. HDBaseT

HDBaseT aims to resolve problems arising from HDMI transmission. In addition to improvements in distance and signals transmitted, there is more to be noted.


The picture quality makes no big difference in HDBaseT or HDMI. Both support 4K 60Hz high resolution and are suitable for both professional and household use. Though HDMI 2.0 supports 8K resolution, the technologies they adopt make a distinction. HDMI uses lossless compression for better transfer efficiency, while HDBaseT delivers uncompressed video via category cables that are ideal for transmission. For industries that require accurate pictures, uncompressed video provides real scenes to prevent mistakes.


As HDMI has a much higher market share than HDBaseT and most devices do not have an HDBaseT output interface, HDMI and HDBaseT can be interchanged across a wide range of devices to avoid the dilemma of devices not working properly.

It is worth noting that since HDMI transmission includes only audio and video, it cannot pass down IR, RS232, and enough power through HDMI cables when converted from HDBaseT. Usually, devices have interfaces for control so users can connect the device using other cables.

HDBaseT Devices

As mentioned, HDBaseT can be applied to AV devices on the receiver side, such as monitors and projectors. In contrast, it cannot be used for devices on the transmitter side due to technical limitations. If multiple signals, including AV, are to be integrated into HDBaseT, the relevant encoder will be necessary.

An HDBaseT projector.

Best AV Transmission Technology

To sum up, HDBaseT has the following benefits:

  • Easily accessible and cheaper category cables allow more data and power to be transmitted and save space.
  • Transmission distance is longer than HDMI, DisplayPort, and other conventional AV interfaces, allowing multi-connection with other devices.
  • Support 4K 60Hz HDR for excellent picture quality.

That's why HDBaseT is considered the best technology available today for AV transmission.

HDBaseT Applications

HDBaseT equipment can be applied in healthcare environments and remote education.

Remote Education

Demands for remote learning are rapidly growing. Via HDBaseT, a PTZ camera can be controlled remotely and present actual teaching scenes from every angle. The lecturer, the projected teaching materials, and the interaction in the class can all be captured by the camera and presented to online students.

Use the HDBaseT extender to connect the camera and HDBaseT displays.
HDBaseT extender connection diagram.

Healthcare Environments

PACS (Picture Archiving and Communication System) makes the transmission and storage of medical images easier. After the equipment is examined and processed by the medical staff, uncompressed images can be rapidly transmitted via HDBaseT to a medical imaging workstation, distributed to clinics, and stored in the database through the network.

HDBaseT extenders can be used to transmit medical images in clinics and hospitals.
HDBaseT extender connection diagram.

HDBaseT vs. HDMI over IP: What's the Difference

Over IP and HDBaseT

AV over IP, or HDMI over IP, may be more common than HDBaseT when it comes to the technologies of AV transmission. Most AV transmission depends on Ethernet since Ethernet devices are extensive, such as online streaming devices, broadcast equipment, telephones, and network devices. For more about how HDMI over IP is used, see: What is HDMI over IP? 4 Reasons to Use it.

As HDBaseT revolves around 5Play to develop its transmission technology, HDBaseT and HDMI over IP are used for different purposes. Below are some comparisons.


HHDMI over IP is data packet transmission, whereas HDBaseT transmits audio and video signals. You cannot use an HDMI over IP device in HDBaseT systems, and vice versa. While IP transmission is lossless compression, HDBaseT delivers uncompressed AV signals, which is more suitable for those projects in need of uncompressed, no-latency images.


HDBaseT extends transmission for a maximum of 100 meters, which is a limitation for larger projects. HDMI over IP systems, on the other hand, can be extended for a much longer distance over network cables whenever a repeater is added.


Both can provide 4K picture quality, but HDBaseT cannot adjust the resolution based on the device used. That means if you need one 4K display, other displays in the system must also be 4K. In contrast, HDMI over IP is adjustable between displays with different resolutions.


HDBaseT devices must be made using Valens chips, and when expanding an HDBaseT AV system, you can only add HDBaseT displays and devices. HDMI over IP, instead, can be expanded by adding any IP devices, creating more possibilities for expansion in the future.


Though no license fees are required for producing HDBaseT equipment, Valens chips are relatively expensive, and thus so does the equipment. As manufacturers need to be licensed for HDMI products, the expense can vary based on their specifications, components, etc. Hence, what comes first is not the cost but the requirement when people consider building an AV system.


HDMI over IP HDBaseT
Cables HDMI cables Category cables
AV Transmission Lossless compression Uncompressed
Distance Limitless with repeaters 100m or more with repeaters
Display Resolution Adjustable for display resolutions Displays must have the same resolution
Expandability Expandable Less expandable
HDBaseT vs HDMI over IP: Comparisons of technologies & applications.

Comparisons of AV Transmission Technologies

SC&T believes it is important to understand their specifications to determine the most suitable technology and solution for each project. We summarize the specifications of some common AV transmission technologies in the table below.

HDMI 2.1 Displayport 2.0 HDBaseT 3.0 AV over IP
Bandwidth 48Gbps 80Gbps 16Gbps (same as HDMI 2.0) Depends on the equipment
Distance 5~10 m 100 m Limitless
Power Power can be transferred to
HDMI devices
No Maximum 100W Depends on the PoE specifications
of the equipment
Control Control of HDMI displays, projectors,
and players via CEC
No Support control via IR, RS232, and CEC
USB Transmission No USB-C DP Alt mode USB 2.0 Up to USB 3.0
Daisy Chain No Yes
High market share,
suitable for most home and
commercial AV installations
Suitable for most home and
commercial AV installations;
better refresh rate than HDMI;
support USB-C
Uncompressed, no-delay signals; AV, network, and control signals over one cable; long expansion distance Highly expandable and flexible; ideal for use in commercial buildings and large projects; compatible with nearly all IP devices. Encoders and decoders can transmit almost every signal

2023-02-01 4:00 pm

Cable Used

Product Name


Power Source



1080p Distance

4K Distance

Optical Fiber Cable

HDMI Fiber Cable


(Reflection of Light)

Power From Source

Video/ Audio




HDMI Fiber Dongle Extender

Mini USB


300M/ 1KM

300M/ 1KM

Network Cable

HDMI CAT5e Dongle Extender


Power From Source

Video/ Audio




HDMI CAT5e Extender

External Power Supply

Video/ Audio




HDMI over IP Extender

Internet Protocol

External Power Supply

Video/ Audio




HDMI KVM over IP Extender*

Video/ Audio/ Keyboard/ Mouse



HDMI Cable

HDMI Repeater


External Power Supply

Video/ Audio




Related Products

VGA/HDMI HDBaseT Extender

HDBaseT KVM Extender (DisplayPort/HDMI)

HDBaseT Surge Protector

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